Primary Homework Help River Thames Boat

The Thames has been featured in many books including ‘Three Men in a Boat’, ‘Alice in Wonderland’, ‘The Wind in the Willows’, and Dickens, in whose novels the Thames is a dank, stinking sludge, the scene of murders and crime.

Interesting facts about the River Thames

  • Length 346 km (215 miles)
  • Source is about a mile north of the village of Kemble, near Cirencester.
  • The area of floodplain is 896 km2.
  • The Thames has been frozen over at various times, the earliest recorded occasion being AD 1150.
  • There is a 23-ft (7-m) difference between low and high tide at London Bridge.
  • The Thames is navigable by barges
  • The non-tidal part of the Thames from the source to Teddington stretches for 237 km (147 miles) and falls some 104.2 metres (342 feet).
  • 75 bridges cross over the non-tidal Thames.
  • The Thames is tidal from Teddington.
  • From its source to the sea, it is estimated that the Thames carries some 300,000 tonnes of sediment a year.
  • More than 100 fish species have been recorded in the Thames estuary over the past 30 years, many of these in the river within London.
  • The country alongside the Thames is mostly rolling hills with farming and grazing being the main uses of the land until London when it becomes urbanised.

Flow
The speed of the flow of the Thames increases the further downstream you go (towards the sea). This is because of more and more tributaries join the river adding their water to it.

  • Buscot 799 million litres/day (176 million gallons/day)
  • Reading 3,594 million litres day (790 million gallons/day)
  • Kingston 5,696 million litres/day (1,253 million gallons/day).

Width
The width of the Thames also increases the further downstream you go.

  • London Bridge 265 metres (870 feet)
  • Woolwich 448 metres (1,470 feet)
  • Gravesend 732 metres (2,400 feet)
  • Estuary (between Shoeburyness and Sheerness) 8 km (5 miles)

Contents Page

 

© Copyright - please read
All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the author Mandy Barrow.

 

 

The River Thames
From Source to Sea

Hungerford Bridge to Waterloo Bridge

Click to see a map of this area.
Can you find the locations of the photographs on the map?
Use the aerial photograph option on the map page.

Next to Hungerford bridge, on the south bank, is the Royal Festival Hall.


The Royal Festival Hall

The Royal Festival Hall was built in 1951 as part of the Festival of Britain. It is one of the world's most successful and best loved concert halls.

Towards Waterloo Bridge, on the opposite side of the Thames, is the obelisk known as Cleopatra's Needle.

Cleopatra's Needle

Cleopatra's Needle is a nickname for the ancient Egyptian granite obelisk on the banks of the River Thames near Westminster Bridge. It was a gift to the British people, in 1819 in recognition of Nelson's victory over the French fleet, at the Battle of the Nile in 1798.

It is known as Cleopatra's Needle as it was brought to London from Alexandria, the royal city of Cleopatra. The obelisk was made in Egypt for the Pharaoh Thotmes III in 1460 BC, making it almost 3,500 years old.

An identical obelisk can be found in New York's Central Park. A time capsule with newspapers and pictures of 12 contemporary beauty queens was placed in the base in the 19th century.

Cleopatra's Needle with the Shell Mex building behind. One of two magnificent bronze Sphinxes lie on either side of the Needle.

Shell Mex building started life as the Cecil Hotel in 1886, the largest hotel in Europe (800 rooms).

Waterloo Bridge


Cleopatra's Needle on left to Waterloo Bridge
(From the left: Shell Max building, Savoy Hotel, Institution of Electrical Engineers)

The name of the bridge is in memory of the British victory at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. The bridge was built during the Second World War by (mostly) female labour.


Waterloo Bridge


The dome of St Paul's Cathedral can be seen on the left in the above photograph.


Waterloo Bridge


TS Queen Mary Ship beside the Waterloo Bridge


Looking upstream back towards the bridge (Somerset House on right)

Somerset House

The present building stands on the site of s 16th century palace, and was built from 1776 -1801 by William Chambers for government offices.

 

 

© Copyright - please read
All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the author Mandy Barrow.

 

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