Essay Birth Of Civilization

...Main components of every civilization: 1. government and laws 2. formal religion 3. language 4. agriculture (irrigation, domestication of plants, etc) 5. specialized skills (pottery, clothing, etc) 6. trade (to acquire what you do not have and cannot make, but need) 7. economic system (bartering or currency, etc). Factors that give rise to civilization: A. Geographical location 1. All four of the major centers of early civilization (were China, India, Mesopotamia, and Mesoamerica) arose along major river valleys in arid regions, thus having important irrigation networks. They all relied upon domesticated plants as well as animals, and they had well-developed transportation networks (using water craft and the wheel) and a high-level of technological achievement (using the wheel, plow, bronze, and iron). Rivers - Egypt, India, Babylon/Sumeria, and China had them, and farming communities developed. 2. Readily available domesticates. Certain civilizations like the predecessors of the Incas had access to potatoes, which, freeze-dried, served much the same purpose as other nations' grain. It was the commodity that could be collected as tax. With the cultivation of potatoes, people settled down to farm in one place, and they gradually developed the civilized aspects. Food domestication enabled sedentary, vastly growing populations, to become viable. 3. Adequate natural resources and livable weather...

Early Civilizations Essay

Neolithic Period was a period of time known as “Neio stone age.” This was an era that existed between (7000-3000 B.CE.). Nomads primarily the Sumerians, developed tools made of stone to make the world of farming and hunting more efficient. These discoveries for agriculture led to a new way of life through population growth and diversity. It was because of the population growth that the first established governments were founded. The historical significance that the Neolithic Period left behind was organizing people around a central authority governed by laws giving stability for both peace and war time.
Mesopotamian Civilization was a period that lasted from (3000-1595 B.C.E.).Mesopotamia was an area of land between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers. It was here that the Sumerian discovered many new ways to advance both Mesopotamia and later empires. Mesopotamia was the birth place for writing by the use of pictographs and ideograms. Prior to writing came the Stone Age making hunting and farming easier. Mesopotamia intellectual advancement pave the way for the first polytheist religions, myths of why people are here, and poems expressing these emotions with such as the Epic of Gilgamesh. Mesopotamian civilization historical significance is based on paving the way for religious, government, writing, and poetic expression to be born.
Epic of Gilgamesh was an excellent narrative poem filled with achievements, the labors, and failures Gilgamesh king of Uruk. This poem was performed in Mesopotamia in 1790 B.C.E during a time when there was a wonder of creation of the universe and about life in general. The Epic of Gilgamesh also looked into life, life after death, and immortality. This was the most famous poems during this time. This Sumerian production historical significance was laid primarily giving thought to and expression on the belief and how was arrived here. The great poem also paved the way for monotheist and polytheist religions.
Hammurabi was king of the Amorites and ruled from (1792-1750 B.C.E). He won control of Mesopotamia and joined Sumerian urban kingship and Semitic concept of tribal chieftain, establishing Babylon as the capital. Even though Hammurabi was a great leader during war he is more famous for his code called the Code of Hammurabi. The code of Hammurabi promoted welfare of all citizens based on social status and gender. The codes main rules were based on agriculture since there were so many farmers. Hammurabi’s also made marriage a legal arrangement and made it clear who was in charge and in the case of divorce and adultery what would happen. Hammurabi historical significance was he the first to make rules based on the society needs and implemented family and marriage into laws into his code.
Hittites were a group of nomadic people that settled in Anatolia, now identified as Turkey. The Hittites were an Indo- European people and a strong force during the period of (ca. 1650-ca. 1200 B.C.E).Around 1300 B.C.E...

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