A great deal of your time at university will be spent thinking; thinking about what people have said, what you have read, what you yourself are thinking and how your thinking has changed. It is generally believed that the thinking process involves two aspects: reflective thinking and critical thinking. They are not separate processes; rather, they are closely connected (Brookfield 1987).
Figure 1: The Thinking Process (adapted from Mezirow 1990, Schon 1987, Brookfield 1987)
- a form of personal response to experiences, situations, events or new information.
- a 'processing' phase where thinking and learning take place.
There is neither a right nor a wrong way of reflective thinking, there are just questions to explore.
Figure 1 shows that the reflective thinking process starts with you. Before you can begin to assess the words and ideas of others, you need to pause and identify and examine your own thoughts.
Doing this involves revisiting your prior experience and knowledge of the topic you are exploring. It also involves considering how and why you think the way you do. The examination of your beliefs, values, attitudes and assumptions forms the foundation of your understanding.
Reflective thinking demands that you recognise that you bring valuable knowledge to every experience. It helps you therefore to recognise and clarify the important connections between what you already know and what you are learning. It is a way of helping you to become an active, aware and critical learner.
Reflective writing is:
- your response to experiences, opinions, events or new information
- your response to thoughts and feelings
- a way of thinking to explore your learning
- an opportunity to gain self-knowledge
- a way to achieve clarity and better understanding of what you are learning
- a chance to develop and reinforce writing skills
- a way of making meaning out of what you study
Reflective writing is not:
- just conveying information, instruction or argument
- pure description, though there may be descriptive elements
- straightforward decision or judgement (e.g. about whether something is right or wrong, good or bad)
- simple problem-solving
- a summary of course notes
- a standard university essay
See next: How do I write reflectively?
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Reflection Paper Guidelines
Reflection papers are designed to formally consider what they have been learning and to organize it through writing.The following will help you understand the assignment:
- Papers must be typed
- Papers should be at least 3 pages long
- Writing should use formal language and correct spelling and punctuation
- Topics reflected upon may include any information covered in class or in the reading from the beginning or the quarter to the present
- Papers may take 1 or2 topics and examine them deeply, or more topics examined in less detail
- When writing, consider the following:
- What have we studied that is interesting?
- What new things have you learned?
- How has your learning affected preconceptions or misconceptions you brought with you into class
- How does your learning affect you view of the world and the universe?
- Will what you have learned change your behavior in the future?
Ultimately writing these papers encourages you to find what is meaningful to you and thus it adds value to your learning.Do not simply outline or summarize the material we have covered.I want to know what the material means to you.